Are you having trouble seeing up close? Is it farsightedness or presbyopia? Unless you go to an eye doctor, it’s going to be tough for you to tell the difference. Here’s how each differs, and what to look for.
This is a condition where you have trouble seeing objects up close. It’s also called “hyperopia” by many eye doctors. So, for example, reading a book, or watching T.V., could be a problem for you. However, you might be able to see perfectly clearly when driving or performing any outside activity.
If you think you might have farsightedness, go see your doctor. You may need either reading glasses, multifocal lenses, or a combination of other corrective treatments so you can see both near and far.
Sometimes, people who have farsightedness don’t have any outward symptoms that can be directly linked to the condition. You may get eye strain, for example, or you may experience headaches after reading or working on the computer.
It’s important to see your eye doctor to rule out the condition.
After the age of 40, your likelihood of developing presbyopia increases. So, you may not have true hyperopia. You may have another vision problem.
Common treatment for farsightedness includes contact lenses, corrective eyeglasses, and a special kind of LASIK surgery: learn more here.
When you hit age 40, you probably don’t have to worry as much about farsightedness as you do presbyopia. This is when the lens of your eye becomes stiff and rigid, and less able to adjust to the incoming light. As a result, light bending through the lens of your eye is less able to focus on the retina. Instead, it focuses behind the retina, making it harder for you to see things up close.
Glasses and contacts are usually prescribed as corrective measures because they’re easy for patients to use and they fix the problem immediately. However, other treatment options exist that you should know about.
One such option is an implantable lens. The lens, called an intraocular lens, replaces your eye’s natural lens and it a good option if you want a permanent fix for your condition. A lens implant acts like a contact lens and site between the cornea and the iris. The three lenses available to treat presbyopia are: ReSTOR®, ReZoom™, and crystalens®.
While LASIK is usually reserved for people with myopia, it can also be used to treat presbyopia if you’re willing to get monovision LASIK. Monovision LASIK involves treatment of one eye by an excimer laser. It reshapes the cornea so that your eye can properly focus. But, since only one eye can get the treatment, what happens is that you end up addressing distance vision in one eye and close-up vision in the other eye. The result is that you end up with eyes that will never work together.
This is not something everyone is comfortable with. However, it does work. When you use your eyes together (both eyes open), you will see perfectly fine. You will only notice a difference if you close one eye at a time.
Holly Davison is training to be an optician. She feels that the public know too little about their own eye health and wants to raise awareness and understanding through her articles